BCA – Bachelor of Computer Applications
BCA stands for Bachelor of Computer Applications, which is an undergraduate degree program that provides students with a strong foundation in computer applications, programming languages, software development, database management, and computer networks. BCA is a popular course for students who are interested in pursuing a career in the field of Information Technology (IT) or Computer Science.
The course duration of BCA is typically three years, and it is offered by various universities and colleges across India. The curriculum of BCA is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of various computer concepts and technologies, and it includes both theoretical and practical training.
BCA graduates can pursue various job roles such as Software Developer, Web Developer, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Network Administrator, and IT Consultant, among others. They can also pursue further studies such as a Master of Computer Applications (MCA) or other postgraduate programs in computer science and information technology.
BCA: Course Highlights
|Course Name||Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA)|
|Course Duration||3 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||10+2 or equivalent education in Science stream with Mathematics as a compulsory subject|
|Course Fees||INR 30,000 to 2,50,000 per annum (varies depending on the institution)|
|Course Curriculum||Introduction to Computer Science, Programming in C, Digital Electronics, Data Structures and Algorithms, Computer Networks, Database Management Systems, Operating Systems, Software Engineering, Web Development, Object-Oriented Programming, and Project Work|
|Course Delivery||Recorded Video Lectures, Live Online Classes, Assignments, Quizzes, and Exams|
|Job Roles||Software Developer, Web Developer, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Network Administrator, IT Consultant, and others|
|Average Salary||INR 3-5 LPA (varies depending on the job profile, industry, location, and years of experience)|
|Further Studies||Master of Computer Applications (MCA), Master of Science (MSc) in Computer Science, and other postgraduate programs in Computer Science and Information Technology|
Why and Who Can Pursue Online BCA
Online BCA is a popular course among students who are interested in pursuing a career in the field of Information Technology (IT) or Computer Science but may not be able to attend regular classes due to various reasons such as geographical location, work commitments, or personal reasons. Pursuing an online BCA course provides students with the flexibility to learn at their own pace, access study materials anytime and anywhere, interact with peers and faculty through online platforms, and balance their academic and personal responsibilities.
Online BCA is suitable for students who have a keen interest in computers, programming, software development, and database management. The course is ideal for students who have passed their 10+2 or equivalent education in the Science stream with Mathematics as a compulsory subject. However, students from other streams such as Commerce or Arts can also pursue an online BCA course provided they have studied Mathematics as a subject in their 10+2 education. Students who have completed a Diploma in Computer Applications (DCA) or any other equivalent computer-related course can also pursue an online BCA course to enhance their knowledge and skills in the field of computer science.
Online BCA is also suitable for working professionals who wish to upskill or reskill themselves in the field of computer science without disrupting their work schedules. The course provides them with an opportunity to acquire new skills and knowledge, stay updated with the latest trends and technologies in the field of IT, and advance their career prospects.
Skill Required for BCA Distance Education
|Cyber Security||Computer Concepts||Software Engineering|
|Agile Certification||DevOps||Oracle Certification|
|Data Science||Data Analytics||Ethical Hacking|
|Web Development||Machine Learning||Software Testing|
BCA Admission Process
The admission process for BCA may vary depending on the institution offering the course. However, the general admission process for BCA is as follows:
- Online Application: Candidates can apply for BCA through the official website of the institution or through the centralized admission process conducted by the respective university.
- Eligibility Criteria: Candidates must meet the eligibility criteria for BCA, which usually requires them to have passed their 10+2 or equivalent education in the Science stream with Mathematics as a compulsory subject. Some institutions may also conduct an entrance exam to shortlist candidates based on their academic performance and aptitude.
- Entrance Exam: Candidates who are shortlisted based on their academic performance and aptitude may have to appear for an entrance exam conducted by the institution or the university. The entrance exam may consist of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) on various subjects such as Mathematics, Computer Science, and General Aptitude.
- Merit List: Based on the performance in the entrance exam and academic performance, the institution or the university will prepare a merit list of the candidates. Candidates who are listed on the merit list will be eligible for admission.
- Counseling and Admission: Candidates who are listed on the merit list will be called for counseling, where they will have to choose the course and the institution of their preference. After the counseling process, candidates will have to complete the admission formalities by submitting the required documents and paying the admission fee.
BCA Distance Entrance Examinations
|Exam Name||Conducting Body||Eligibility Criteria||Application Process|
|IGNOU BCA Entrance Exam||Indira Gandhi National Open University||10+2 or equivalent||Online|
|Sikkim Manipal University Distance Education BCA Entrance Exam||Sikkim Manipal University||10+2 or equivalent||Online|
|Bharathiar University Distance Education BCA Entrance Exam||Bharathiar University||10+2 or equivalent||Offline|
|Madras University Distance Education BCA Entrance Exam||University of Madras||10+2 or equivalent||Offline|
|Annamalai University Distance Education BCA Entrance Exam||Annamalai University||10+2 or equivalent||Offline|
|Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University BCA Entrance Exam||Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University||10+2 or equivalent||Offline|
BCA: Eligibility Criteria
The eligibility criteria for BCA may vary depending on the institution offering the course. However, the general eligibility criteria for BCA is as follows:
- Educational Qualification: Candidates must have passed their 10+2 or equivalent education in the Science stream with Mathematics as a compulsory subject. Some institutions may also accept candidates who have completed a Diploma in Computer Applications (DCA) or any other equivalent computer-related course.
- Minimum Marks: Candidates must have scored a minimum of 50% to 60% marks in their 10+2 or equivalent education, depending on the institution’s eligibility criteria.
- Age Limit: There is no age limit for BCA.
- Entrance Exam: Some institutions may conduct an entrance exam to shortlist candidates based on their academic performance and aptitude.
Distance BCA Subjects
|First Semester||Computer Fundamentals, Programming in C, Business Communication, Principles of Management, Mathematics|
|Second Semester||Data Structures, Digital Computer Fundamentals, Object-Oriented Programming Concepts, Business Accounting, Environmental Studies|
|Third Semester||Computer Organization and Architecture, Operating Systems, RDBMS Concepts, Software Engineering, Web Designing|
|Fourth Semester||Java Programming, Computer Networks, Internet Programming, Organizational Behavior, E-commerce|
|Fifth Semester||C# Programming, Software Project Management, Mobile Computing, Computer Graphics, Linux OS|
|Sixth Semester||Cloud Computing, Cyber Security, Big Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, Entrepreneurship Development|
|Business Communication||Organizational Behaviour|
|Computer Fundamental and Office Automation||Cost Accounting|
|Programming Principles and Algorithms||Elements of Statistics|
|Business Accounting||Computer Laboratory and Practical Work|
|Principles of Management||File Structure and Database Concepts|
|Computer Laboratory and Practical Work||C’ Programming|
|RDBMS||Human Resource Management|
|Software Engineering||Visual Basic|
|Computer Laboratory and Practical Work||Object-Oriented Programming using C++|
|Data Structure using C||Inventory Management|
|Numerical Methods||Computer Laboratory and Practical Work|
|Microprocessor Architecture and Programming||Project Work|
|Internet Programming and Cyber Law||Multimedia Systems|
|Elective||Data Communications & Computer Networks|
|Core Java||Advance Java|
Important Books for BCA Students
|Computer Fundamentals||Computer Fundamentals||P. K. Sinha|
|Programming in C||Let Us C||Yashavant Kanetkar|
|Data Structures||Data Structures Using C||Reema Thareja|
|Object-Oriented Programming Concepts||Object-Oriented Programming with C++||E. Balagurusamy|
|RDBMS Concepts||Database System Concepts||Abraham Silberschatz, Henry F. Korth, S. Sudarshan|
|Software Engineering||Software Engineering: A Practitioner’s Approach||Roger S. Pressman|
|Java Programming||Head First Java||Kathy Sierra, Bert Bates|
|Computer Networks||Computer Networks||Andrew S. Tanenbaum, David J. Wetherall|
|Artificial Intelligence||Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach||Stuart Russell, Peter Norvig|
|Cyber Security||Cybersecurity – Attack and Defense Strategies||Yuri Diogenes, Erdal Ozkaya|
Top College and Fees in India for BCA Distance Education
|Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU)||New Delhi||Rs. 30,000 – Rs. 40,000|
|Sikkim Manipal University – Distance Education||Gangtok||Rs. 60,000 – Rs. 80,000|
|Annamalai University – Directorate of Distance Education||Annamalainagar||Rs. 16,800 – Rs. 23,800|
|Bharathiar University – School of Distance Education||Coimbatore||Rs. 10,000 – Rs. 15,000|
|Madurai Kamaraj University – Directorate of Distance Education||Madurai||Rs. 20,000 – Rs. 25,000|
|Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University||Hyderabad||Rs. 10,000 – Rs. 15,000|
|Karnataka State Open University||Mysuru||Rs. 15,000 – Rs. 20,000|
|Netaji Subhas Open University||Kolkata||Rs. 9,000 – Rs. 13,000|
Types of Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA)
Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA) is offered in various modes such as full-time regular courses, distance education programs, and online programs. Here are the types of BCA courses:
- Full-time Regular Course: Full-time regular BCA course is a three-year undergraduate program that is offered by various universities and colleges across India. In this mode of study, students are required to attend regular classes and complete the course within the stipulated duration.
- Distance Education Program: The distance education BCA program is a flexible mode of study that allows students to pursue their education while working or fulfilling other responsibilities. In this mode of study, students are provided with study materials, assignments, and online resources to learn and complete the course. The course duration may vary depending on the institution offering the program.
- Online BCA Program: Online BCA program is similar to distance education programs, but the mode of instruction is through online platforms. Students can access study materials, attend online classes, and interact with faculty and peers through online platforms. The course duration may vary depending on the institution offering the program.
Course Comparison: BCA vs BTech
|Full Form||Bachelor of Computer Applications||Bachelor of Technology|
|Duration||3 years||4 years|
|Specializations||Generally not offered||Offered in various fields such as Computer Science, Electronics & Communication, Mechanical, Civil, etc.|
|Curriculum||Covers programming languages, software development, database management, computer networks, web designing, etc.||Covers mathematics, physics, engineering mechanics, electrical circuits, programming, engineering graphics, etc.|
|Admission Criteria||10+2 or equivalent with minimum 50% marks (may vary from one institute to another)||10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) with minimum 50% marks (may vary from one institute to another)|
|Entrance Exams||Some colleges/universities may conduct entrance exams||National-level entrance exams such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, etc.|
|Job Opportunities||Software Developer, Database Administrator, Web Designer, System Analyst, etc.||Software Engineer, Mechanical Engineer, Civil Engineer, Electronics Engineer, etc.|
|Average Salary||Rs. 3-5 lakh per annum||Rs. 4-6 lakh per annum (may vary based on specialization, company, and experience)|
|Internet Technologies||Database Management|
|Programming Languages||Personal Information Management|
|Word Processing||Computer Graphics|
|System Analysis||Music & Video Processing|
Further Studies After BCA Program
|Master of Computer Applications (MCA)||MCA is a postgraduate program that provides advanced knowledge and skills in computer applications. This program focuses on the design, development, and maintenance of software systems.||2-3 years|
|Master of Science (M.Sc) in Computer Science||M.Sc in Computer Science is a postgraduate program that provides advanced knowledge and skills in computer science. This program focuses on the theoretical and practical aspects of computer science, including algorithms, programming languages, and data structures.||2 years|
|Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Computer Science and Engineering||M.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering is a postgraduate program that provides advanced knowledge and skills in computer science and engineering. This program focuses on the design, development, and implementation of computer systems and networks.||2 years|
|Postgraduate Diploma in Computer Applications (PGDCA)||PGDCA is a postgraduate diploma program that provides advanced knowledge and skills in computer applications. This program focuses on the practical aspects of computer applications, including programming, database management, and networking.||1 year|
|Master of Business Administration (MBA) in Information Technology (IT)||MBA in IT is a postgraduate program that provides advanced knowledge and skills in business management and information technology. This program focuses on the management of information technology systems in organizations.||2 years|
Job and Salary After BCA
Here is a table format for potential job roles and salaries in the Indian IT industry for graduates of an online BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications) program:
|Job Role||Average Salary (per annum)|
|Software Developer||INR 3,00,000 – 6,00,000|
|Web Developer||INR 2,50,000 – 5,00,000|
|Database Administrator||INR 3,50,000 – 7,00,000|
|System Administrator||INR 3,00,000 – 6,00,000|
|Network Administrator||INR 2,50,000 – 5,00,000|
|IT Support Technician||INR 2,00,000 – 4,00,000|
Suggested Reading: Top Career Options After BCA
Top Recruiter after BCA Course
|Top Recruiters||Job Roles|
|Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)||System Analyst, Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer|
|Wipro||System Administrator, Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer|
|Infosys||Software Engineer, Technical Support Engineer, System Administrator|
|HCL Technologies||System Administrator, Network Administrator, Technical Support Engineer|
|Tech Mahindra||System Analyst, Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer|
|IBM||Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer, System Administrator|
|Cognizant||System Analyst, Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer|
|Accenture||System Analyst, Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer|
|Capgemini||Software Developer, Technical Support Engineer, System Analyst|
|Amazon||Cloud Support Engineer, System Administrator, Software Developer|
Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA): FAQs
What is BCA?
BCA stands for Bachelor of Computer Applications, which is an undergraduate degree program in computer applications.
What is the duration of the BCA course?
The duration of the BCA course is three years, which is divided into six semesters.
What are the eligibility criteria for BCA?
The eligibility criteria for BCA may vary depending on the institution offering the course. However, in general, candidates who have completed 10+2 in any stream with Mathematics as a subject can apply for the BCA course.
What are the job roles available after completing a BCA course?
Some of the job roles available after completing a BCA course include software developer, system analyst, technical support engineer, system administrator, network administrator, and cloud support engineer, among others.
What is the average salary of a BCA graduate?
The average salary of a BCA graduate may vary depending on the job role, company, and location. However, on average, a BCA graduate can earn anywhere between 2.5 to 5 lakhs per annum.
Can BCA graduates pursue higher education?
What are the popular entrance exams for BCA admissions?
Some of the popular entrance exams for BCA admissions include SET, IPUCET, JET, and UPSEE, among others. However, the admission process may vary depending on the institution offering the course.
Is BCA a good course for a career in the IT industry?
Yes, BCA is a good course for a career in the IT industry. It provides a strong foundation in computer applications and programming languages, which are essential skills for various job roles in the IT industry.